The concentric ring of wood formed over a year of a tree’s growth,
observable when the tree is cut.
Excessive harvesting that damages the resource.
The geographic area a species can be found.
An organization of five (later six) Native nations who historically lived
throughout what is now New York State. The Six Nations today includes the Seneca,
Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and Tuscarora tribes.
An alliance formed between individual states or nations for mutual
support or common political or military action.
A harvested log is pounded to separate annual growth rings. Once separated,
strips are rolled into bundles, then split into thinner layers used to weave baskets.
Answer B is incorrect. Mohawk people are working hard to protect the black ash from
the emerald ash borer.
The Thanksgiving Address is a prayer and acknowledgment that brings people
together and gives thanks to the creator of all things. Mohawk people recite
it before gatherings or events.
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Basketmaking is an important traditional art form that has been practiced in
Akwesasne for generations. At the turn of the last century, women and some men
made and sold baskets to help support their families. Today, elders still teach
children how to harvest black ash and make baskets. c.1900
This basket was made by Mohawk artist Mary Adams in 1985. It is called
a “fancy” or ornamental basket because it was designed for sale,
not for use. Note the many curls and miniature sweetgrass baskets on the sides.
These unique details are considered the “mark” or signature of the basketmaker. 1985
This burden or pack basket by Jake Arquette is designed with thick
splints strong enough to carry heavy items like tools, food, or branches.
Hunters, trappers, and snowshoers often wore these on their backs to haul
important gear into the woods. 1979
Black ash trees grow slowly. This stand of saplings in a wetland on
the Akwesasne reservation will need 40 or 50 years to fully mature. c. 2000
“A lot of basketmakers in Akwesasne are still making baskets, and it’s part
of their livelihood and it’s a continuing part of our culture.”
“You have got to take responsibility. It doesn’t matter what the next
person does or doesn’t do. It’s about what you
do. And that’s really important.”
“If the emerald ash borer moves in and wipes
everything out, we’re going to lose a big part of our culture.”
“It’s a long-term investment. If I plant a tree today, I won’t see
the benefit of it, but the next generation will see the benefit of the trees.”
Federal Quarantine Areas for Black Ash Trees